Educational Data Mining Using Cluster Analysis Methods and Decision Trees based on Log Mining
Educational Data Mining (EDM) often appears to be applied in big data processing in the education sector. One of the educational data that can be further processed with EDM is activity log data from an e-learning system used in teaching and learning activities. The log activity can be further processed more specifically by using log mining. The purpose of this study was to process log data from the Sebelas Maret University Online Learning System (SPADA UNS) to determine student learning behavior patterns and their relationship to the final results obtained. The data mining method applied in this research is cluster analysis with the K-means Clustering and Decision Tree algorithms. The clustering process is used to find groups of students who have similar learning patterns. While the decision tree is used to model the results of the clustering in order to enable the analysis and decision-making processes. Processing of 11,139 SPADA UNS log data resulted in 3 clusters with a Davies Bouldin Index (DBI) value of 0.229. The results of these three clusters are modeled by using a Decision Tree. The decision tree model in cluster 0 represents a group of students who have a low tendency of learning behavior patterns with the highest frequency of access to course viewing activities obtained accuracy of 74.42% . In cluster 1, which contains groups of students with high learning behavior patterns, have a high frequency of access to viewing discussion activities obtained accuracy of 76.47%. While cluster 2 is a group of students who have a pattern of learning behavior that is having a high frequency of access to the activity of sending assignments obtained accuracy of 90.00%.
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